outline chapter 5
chapter 5, quantum kernel.
kernel, discussion, tablet
kurt’s van is full of food wrappers and printer paper and well-thumbed manuals, as well as a gun under the seat and many pharmaceutical bottles in the glove compartment, with all kinds of tools and electronic equipment stowed in cubbies down the length of the van, and one wall turned into a mobile computer lab. working alone in his messy van, sitting in the back on a broken swivel chair in front of a bank of computers and screens, surrounded by cables and computer junk, trash, cigarette butts, plastic coffee cups, fast food wrappers, and a big half-empty pee-jar, lit by garish monitor-light, oblivious to the world outside his van, kurt creates the engine, a kernel of qunary code that uses quantum physics to work faster and more efficiently (and also produces quantum effects in the real world). he starts in creating the game kernel, and he’s immediately in the flow. the hours pass, and he’s slapping the code down as fast as it comes to him, and it’s a thing of beauty. the code just flows out of his fingers and goes where it needs to go as if it’s predestined. he’s off in a computer lab in his brain, a cloudlike space where pieces of the quantum kernel are forming with only a little bit of help, into a massive tangle of purposeful connections and chunks of functionality, a beautiful, symmetrical organism that rolls up into a buckyball when he’s done. and when he wakes up it was sitting there, shining, floating in the cloudlike area inside his mind, pulsing with his own brainwaves. and he stands in front of it and says ‘open sesame’ and it parts and allows him in, enveloping him like a living suit, making him physically infinite, indeterminate, fuzzy. as he wears it, he influences it more and it resembles him more. in the end he introduces himself as kernel kurt, and doffs his fatigue cap. he creates an interface whereby the kernel can interact with classical computers, then enshrouds and locks down this vital core that makes the game possible. kurt encrypts it so nobody else can touch the quantum kernel. then he builds a simple software engine that can be plugged in and function with a regular computer, plug and play.
basics. “The irreducible carrier of quantum information is the qubit, named in analogy to the classical bit. But whereas the bit is a simple on-off signal, a qubit is in essence a unit vector whose direction is described by a pair of angles, θ and Φ. These angles describe the superposition of pure quantum states which makes up the quantum information in the qubit. While a bit defines a single binary parameter (+ 1), a qubit defines a continuous complex variable. When a quantum operation is carried out on a qubit, these angles change, thereby changing the quantum information in that qubit. All quantum computation in the end reduces to combined rotations of quantum states.
basics. physics. kernel: quantum: “When subatomic particles aren’t being measured, they behave very strangely indeed, occupying many positions all at once. These superpositions are represented by a wave function, which can extend out into space. When a measurement is made, however, the wave function collapses and we only ever see the particle in a definite spot, never the blurry wave itself. How can a particle possibly “know” when it is and isn’t being watched? And why should observation change its behaviour, anyway? The majority of physicists aren’t at all bothered by these unknowns, [comment – measuring is like taking a picture. it only stops the motion on the photo but in real life it’s whizzing around too fast to see. observing it makes it seem to pause but it’s only the impression of the observer. it never stops.] making an actual measurement on a particle forces it to interact with the measuring equipment. The particle becomes intimately linked, or entangled, with the many atoms that make up the measuring equipment.”
basics. physics. “charges of the same type repel each other, so the bark’s electrons repel yours, and you feel this electrical repulsive force stopping your fingers from penetrating any further. nothing solid ever meets any other solids when you push on a tree. the atoms in your fingers are each as empty as a vacant football stadium in which a single fly sits on teh fifty-yard line. if we needed solids to stop us (rather than energy fields), our fingers could easily penetrate the tree as if we were swiping at fog.” p22
mechanical stuff. kernel: qubit: cooling is critical still. don’t yet have room-temperature quantum. going to work around it. need to make cryostat around it, less than 1 degree above az (273.15c). near az the oscillator is in quantum ground state. can’t do it on larger scale because of decoherence, when entanglement occurs with particle’s surroundings and damps out quantum properties of particle. using laser light to slow motion of particle inside, cools it very close to ground state. light and oscillation entangle so that light transforms into vibration and back again, but we outpace decoherence and can control quantum motion in an object.
mechanical stuff. Superconducting structures which can store a qubit of information are easily constructed using standard microfabrication techniques. Additionally, such structures couple easily to MHz and GHz radio waves, which provides effective control of the computer operations using well understood electronics. A larger physical dimension, however, implies there are likely to be more ways in which superconducting qubits can lose coherence through unintentional environmental interactions. This does lead to shorter coherence times than are achieved in other physical implementations of qubits, about 4 microseconds for the UCSB circuitry. The low-level organization of the UCSB quantum computer is called Resonator/zero-Qubit architecture (RezQu). This consists of a set of superconducting qubits (in the current example, two qubits). Each of the superconducting qubits is capacitatively coupled to a dedicated memory resonator, as well as to a common resonant quantum information bus. The bus is used to couple qubits during computational operations, while the memory resonators are used for storing the current state of the qubits. When a qubit is passed into its memory resonator, the qubit is placed in the ground state. Using their new architecture, the UCSB group was able to implement the three-qubit Toffoli OR phase gate with 98% fidelity. Universal quantum computation can be carried out using combinations of this Toffoli gate and simple qubit rotations. However, it does not currently appear that 98% fidelity represents a sufficiently small error to permit conventional error-correcting codes to function properly. Thus, the UCSB Von Neumann quantum computer is potentially capable of universal computation, limited only by memory resources and quantum coherence time, but requires increased fidelity to fulfill this potential.”
mechanical stuff. kernel: qubit: “In the experiment, Cleland’s team reduce the amplitude of the vibrations in the resonator by cooling it down to below 0.1 K. The high frequency of the aluminium resonator was key to the experiment’s success, because the temperature to which an object needs to be cooled in order to reach its ground state is proportional to its frequency. “A regular tuning fork, for example [with significantly lower frequency], would need to be cooled by another factor of a million to reach the same state,” Cleland said. Next, the team measured the quantum state of the resonator by connecting it electrically to a superconducting quantum bit or “qubit”. The qubit acts, in fact, like a “quantum thermometer” that can identify just one quantum thermal excitation, or phonon. Once this has been done, the qubit can then be used to excite a single phonon in the resonator. This excitation can be transferred many times between the resonator and qubit. In this way the researchers created a superposition state of the resonator where they simultaneously had an excitation in the resonator and no excitation in the resonator, such that when they measured it, the resonator has to “choose” which state it is in. “This is analogous to Schrödinger’s cat being dead and alive at the same time,” says Cleland. “Unlike other measuring instruments, [the qubit] allowed us to measure the mechanical resonator while preserving all quantum effects,” Cleland told physicsworld.com. “Most measuring instruments disturb the mechanical object by heating it up, and so destroy the very quantum effects being sought.””
mechanical stuff: kernel: qubit: “Low temperatures may be maintained within a cryostat by using various refrigeration methods, most commonly using cryogenic fluid bath such as liquid helium. Hence it is usually assembled into a vessel, similar in construction to a vacuum flask or Dewar. Cryostats have numerous applications within science, engineering, and medicine. room temperature quantum effects. The quantum Hall effect was previously believed to only be observable at temperatures close to absolute zero (equal to minus 459 degrees). But when scientists at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in the U.S. and at the High Field Magnet Laboratory in the Netherlands put a recently developed new form of carbon called graphene in very high magnetic fields, scientists were surprised by what they saw. “At room temperature, these electron waves are usually destroyed by the jiggling atoms and the quantum effects are destroyed,” said Nobel Prize winner Horst Stormer, physics professor at Columbia University and one of the paper’s authors. “Only on rare occasions does this shimmering quantum world survive to the temperature scale of us humans.” That opinion began to change, however, with the ability to create very high magnetic fields and with the discovery of graphene, a single atomic sheet of atoms about as strong as diamond. Together, these two things have allowed scientists to push this fragile quantum effect all the way to room temperature. Now there is a way to see curious and often surprising quantum effects, such as frictionless current flow and resistances as accurate as a few parts per billion, even at room temperature. Although quantum effects may be harder to see in the macroworld, the reason has nothing to do with size per se but with the way that quantum systems interact with one another. Until the past decade, experimentalists had not confirmed that quantum behavior persists on a macroscopic scale. Today, however, they routinely do. These effects are more pervasive than anyone ever suspected. They may operate in the cells of our body.”
mechanical stuff. kernel: qubit: “object can be in 2 places at once, and is always oscillating a little even near az. usually on a very small scale because of decoherence, where at that scale other particles entangle and interfere with quantum processes. az is quantum ground state for oscillator. inside a cryostat you can get to less than 1 degree above az, and using laser, can slow motion and further cool object to very close to ground (at az it’s still moving). the light pulse changes into vibration and back. we can do it quickly enough that it outpaces decoherence and that means we can control it. cryostat uses liquid helium inside a thermos bottle. virtual cryostat? room temperature quantum effects using grapheme and really high magnetic fields – quantum hall effect. frictionless current flow, accurate resistances (huh?)”
mechanical stuff. kernel: qubit: “The term “quantum object”, although regularly used in physics, is really an oxymoron. An “object” is something that lives completely in the paradigm of classical physics: It has an independent reality in itself, it behaves deterministically, and it has definite physical properties, such as occupying a well-defined volume in space and time. For the “quantum object” all those seemingly self-evident truths become false: Its reality is one that is relative to the observer, the principle of causality is violated, and other features of materiality such as clear boundaries in space and time, being objectively located or even possessing identity, do not pertain. The movement of objects is ultimately governed by the laws of quantum mechanics, which predict some intriguing phenomena: An object could simultaneously be in two places at the same time, and it should always be moving a little, even at a temperature of absolute zero – the oscillator is then said to be in its quantum ‘ground state’. Until recently, these strange predictions of quantum mechanics have only been observed in the motion of tiny objects such as individual atoms. For large objects, the unavoidable coupling of the object to the surrounding environment quickly washes out the quantum properties, in a process known as decoherence. But researchers in EPFL’s Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements have now shown that it is possible to use light to control the vibrational motion of a large object, consisting of a hundred trillion atoms, at the quantum level. “
mechanical stuff. kernel: 5 decoherence: “Cooling is crucial to reaching the regime of quantum mechanical motion, as this is normally overshadowed by random thermal fluctuations. For this reason, the structure is placed in a cryostat that brings it to a temperature of less than one degree above absolute zero (−273.15°C). The light launched into the donut slows down the motion one hundred times, thus cooling it even more, very close to the quantum ‘ground state’. And more importantly, the interaction between light and the movement of the oscillator can be made so strong that the two form an intimate connection: A small excitation in the form of a light pulse was fully transformed into a small vibration and back again. For the first time, this transformation between light and motion was made to occur within a time that is short enough so that the quantum properties of the original light pulse are not lost in the process through decoherence. By outpacing decoherence, these results demonstrate the possibility of controlling the quantum properties of an object’s motion. It also provides a way to see the peculiar predictions of quantum mechanics at play in man-made objects.”
mechanical stuff. kernel: 5 decoherence: “For the first time, this transformation between light and motion was made to occur within a time that is short enough so that the quantum properties of the original light pulse are not lost in the process through decoherence. By outpacing decoherence, these results demonstrate the possibility of controlling the quantum properties of an object’s motion. It also provides a way to see the peculiar predictions of quantum mechanics at play in man-made objects.”
mechanical stuff. kernel: 5 decoherence: “The movement of objects is ultimately governed by the laws of quantum mechanics, which predict some intriguing phenomena: An object could simultaneously be in two places at the same time, and it should always be moving a little, even at a temperature of absolute zero – the oscillator is then said to be in its quantum ‘ground state’. Until recently, these strange predictions of quantum mechanics have only been observed in the motion of tiny objects such as individual atoms. For large objects, the unavoidable coupling of the object to the surrounding environment quickly washes out the quantum properties, in a process known as decoherence. But researchers in EPFL’s Laboratory of Photonics and Quantum Measurements have now shown that it is possible to use light to control the vibrational motion of a large object, consisting of a hundred trillion atoms, at the quantum level. Mechanical vibrations can be coupled to quantum systems of completely different nature (such as electric currents), as well as to light. They could therefore be used to ‘translate’ quantum information between those systems and light signals. This is especially beneficial as it allows to transport quantum information – the basic ingredient of a future quantum computer – over large distances in optical fibers. “
mechanical stuff. According to the proposals put forth in the Orch OR model, microtubules seem to be well designed (perhaps ideally designed) quantum computers. If so, technological efforts can possibly mimic some of nature’s design principles such as cylindrical lattice automata and alternating phases of isolation and communication. The massive parallelism and specific microtubule lattice geometry (e.g. helical patterns following the Fibonacci series) may also facilitate quantum error correction. However technology will be hard-pressed to emulate objective reduction which, it is argued, is required for consciousness. Presently envisioned technological quantum computers will implement superposition of ions, electrons, nuclei or other small entities. To achieve objective reduction in a reasonable and useful time scale, a fairly large superposed mass (i.e. nanograms) will be required. While such a task seems formidable, it is possible. Quantum computation with objective reduction may hold the only promise for conscious computers.
mechanical stuff. games could have a huge improvement on how many things are active at the same time. Since the computer would run so fast, vast improvements could be made to graphics, AI and dynamic objects.
physics. kernel: theory: “zero point energy is absorption – Some photons from this laser got a shift in energy when they hit the vibrating bar. Ordinary thermal vibrations can either boost or reduce photon energy, but the zero-point quantum vibration is different. Because it is the lowest energy state possible, it can only absorb energy. Painter’s group detected this bias towards lower-energy scattered light, a clear signature of a quantum twang”
physics. kernel: qubit / computer: “when a qubit’s possibility-waves add together, they can produce different probabilities of the qubits having values zero or one. these possibility-waves are crucial to the operation of quantum computers. in fact, that is the whole point of designing quantum computers in the first place: to take advantage of this new kind of computer addition called the law of superposition in quantum physics (see chapter 7 and the appendix). when two opposite qubit possibility-waves are present, the probability for observing a qubit value is different from the situation when only one such wave is present. the two possibilities create an interesting situation, in that they can act together and affect quite strongly what takes place in the real world. “it is strange to think that adding two possibility-waves can product a result that changes our perceived reality. it certainly seems unreal that a single qubit, or any object for that matter, can move in opposite directions at the same time. but according to quantum physics, all unobserved objects must behave in this strange way; they must simultaneously move in as many directions as is possible for them. because the unobserved qubit can move in both directions at the same time, it will do so. when we see that adding two possibility-waves together changes both our observation of reality and reality itself, we need to consider that the two possibility-waves might also be ‘real,’ in spite of the imaginal quality of such ideas as negative possibility-waves and the fact that we never see them.” p143-4 “let’s review what we know about possibility-waves and probability curves. we know that probability-curves add up to produce outcome probabilities. we know that when possibility-waves add up, they either cancel or reinforce each other, each option producing a very different outcome probability. when we consider possibility-waves, we add them and then square the result to get a probability-curve. but when we only consider separate probability-curves, we add them to get a single probability-curve.”
“consider the following questions:
1. what determines whether we add probability-curves after squaring possibility-waves or add possibility-waves before squaring them to yield a probability-curve? “since possibility-waves are apparently a figment of our mind, it seems the answer to the first question can be stated simply enough: our mind.
2. in other words, when do we add probability-curves and when do we add possibility-waves? and since probability-curves do correspond to reality – that stuff ‘out there’ – the answer to the second question must be: we add probability-curves when we become conscious of ‘out there,’ so it should logical follow that we would add possibility-waves when we remain conscious of ‘in here’ rather than ‘out there.’
3. put slightly differently, which comes first: add and then square, or square and then add? the answer to the third question is: when we deal with the world as we imagine it to be, we add and then square. but when we deal with the world outside of our minds, we square and then add.” p150-1
“certainly we see evidence of this connection in this business of adding possibility-waves and then squaring them to get probability-curves, or of squaring the possibility-waves and then adding the resultant probability-curves. i would like to add mind into the equation, so to speak, and simply say that this is what mind does. it converts possibility-waves to probability-curves by performing this squaring operation, which then produces probabilistic effects in the real world.” p152
physics. “the normally accepted point of view, originating with bohr and in which some physicists believe, imagines that when any observation occurs the possibility-wave paranormally squares itself, producing a probability-curve. in explaining this squaring operation, this school of thought usually evokes some form of ‘magical wand’ to carry out the squaring operation, yet no one can find a quantum rule spelling out how some sort of physical agent could ever appear. “recognizing this limitation, cramer asked: how does this squaring occur? he noticed that this operation is a little different from just multiplying the wave by itself. to compute the probability of the event, the wave must actually be multiplied by another wave that is nevertheless nearly the same in form and content as the original wave. this other possibility-wave, for mathematical reasons, is called the complex-conjugate wave, and it differs in a subtle way from the original possibility-wave.” p152-3 “even though quantum physics is quite rigorous, nowhere in it is there any law explaining what occurs physically when a quantum wave is multiplied by its complex-conjugate. nowhere is the complex-conjugate wave given any physical significance, except for a funny little quirk: the complex-conjugate wave happens to be a solution to the same equations of quantum physics solved by the original possibility-wave, provided that in writing those equations you let time run backward instead of forward!…if the quantum wave is a real wave, then the conjugate wave is also a real physical wave, but with a twist in time.” p153 “the conjugate possibility-wave travels in the opposite spatial direction as it goes back through time, eventually reaching the original possibility-wave’s origin. we imagine that at every point along its way it meets up with the original wave coming forward in time. the two then combine in space. in physics, the conjugate wave is said to ‘modulate’ the original wave. .. “when the future-generated conjugate wave propagates back through time to the origin of the quantum wave itself, it meets the original quantum wave. then in space and tiem the two waves multiply, and the result is the creation of the probability-curve for the event occurring in space and time.” p155 “[john g.] cramer calls the original wave an ‘offer’ wave, the conjugate wave an ‘echo’ wave, and the multiplication of the two a ‘transaction.’ a transaction occurs – involving an offer and an echo – much like that between a computer and a peripheral device…in these examples, an offer wave is sent to a receiver. the receiver accepts the offer and sends confirmation back along the same line… “every observation is both the start of a wave propagating toward the future in search of a receiver-event and itself the receiver of a wave that propagated towards it from some past observation-event. in other words, every observation – every act of conscious awareness – sends out both a wave toward the future and a wave toward the past. both the beginning of the wave and the end appear in our minds – our future mind, our present mind, and our past mind. two events in normal, or serial, time are then said to be significantly connected, that is, meaningfully associated, with respect to each other, provided that the transaction between them conserves the necessary physical constants and satisfies the necessary boundary conditions. “but an interesting problem remains: which future even sends back the echo wave? cramer believes that only one future does this – the one producing the echo that happens to have the best chance of forming a successful transaction with the present.” p156
“it seems that cramer’s ideas must be interpreted in light of the parallel universes theory. all futures return the message, not just the best-chance future. there are more futures ‘listening’ to the broadcast than just the one with the most sensitive and powerful receiver. in other worlds, each parallel world contains a single future event that connects with the present even through the modulation effect. indeed, this is how the parallel worlds become separate from each other – once a modulation takes place, the parallel worlds split off and no longer interfere with each other. “what about time? if both the possibility-wave and the complex-conjugate wave are real, time must not be like a one-way river after all. events that have passed must still be around. events that will be must exist like new scenes around blind corners on the roads of life. and if both the future and the past exist, then, quantum physics implies, devices must be feasible that can enable us to tune in on the future and resonate with the past. “these devices seem to be our own brains, with our minds the controlling factors. when we remember a past event, we are not digging through anything like a file or computer memory bank. rather, following quantum rules, we are constructing a past based on the multiplication of two clashing time-order streams of possibility-waves. taken literally, this means that the past stream (the one flowing from past to present) must originate in the past the same way that the present steam (the one flowing from present to past) originates in the present. past and present, then, somehow exist side-by-side. “it follows that the future, too, exists side-by-side with the present and that at this moment we are sending possibility-waves in that direction. moreover, someone called ‘me’ in the future is also sending back through time conjugate possibility-waves, which will clash with the waves being generated now. “if these streams ‘match,’ in the sense that the modulation produces a combined wave of some strength, and if there is a ‘resonance,’ meaning that the future and the present events are meaningful for me, then a real future is created from my present point of view and a real memory of sequences is created in the future. if the streams do not match – meaning that the combined wave is weak and there is no resonance – then the connection of that future and that present will be less meaningful. meaningful here refers to the probability-curve. the implied law of time travel is: the greater the probability, the more meaningful the transaction and the greater the chance of it occurring. “the closer in time the sources of these waves are, the more likely it is that the two counter-time possibility-wave streams will produce a strong probability with a good chance of becoming real. quite possibly, visionaries are those who successfully marry streams coming from time-distant sources, and people unable to cope with life are those who lack the ability for even the shortest time distances. “for most of us, though we might not be aware of it, time travel toward both the very near future and the immediate past already occurs in our minds. we saw the evidence for this as presented by ben libet and his associates, in chapter 4. libet showed that we become aware of a bodily sensation, such as a sound that just happened, by referring back in time from a later moment of a brain signal arrival to the earlier moment of the bodily sensation. in other words, we seem to be aware of events before our brain registers them. “think for a moment of the past, present, and future existing side-by-side. if we were able totally to ‘marry’ corresponding times in each and every moment of our time-bound existences, there would indeed be no sense of time for us. we would all realize the timeless state that many spiritual traditions take to be our true and basic state of being. instead, we find ourselves entering into one or the other parallel universe and thus failing to discriminate between the many past- and future-sending stations and all of the parallel universes attempting to communicate with us. thus we live time-bound lives disconnected to some extent from other possible pasts and futures.” p156-8 “reality as we perceive it, according to quantum physics, depends on the subtle relationship between a possibility-wave and a probability-curve. possibility-waves determine when and with what likelihood events occur. they don’t do so directly, however, for they are submerged under the reality we perceive. yet they are capable of both reinforcing and canceling each other, thereby affecting what we perceive by ‘shaving the odds’. these odds show up as probability-curves, which determine the probabilities of the events in question. probability-curves arise when two related possibility-waves multiply each other. we can envision one of the waves as moving forward in time between two events happening at different times, ad the other as moving backward through time between the same two events. through”
physics. “Three components are necessary for a rainbow. there must be sun, there must be raindrops, and there must be a conscious eye (or its surrogate, film) at the correct geometric location. if your eyes look directly opposite the sun (that is, at the antisolar point, which is always marked by the shadow of your head), the sunlit water droplets will produce a rainbow that surrounds that precise spot at a distance of forty-two degrees. but your eyes must be located at that spot where the refracted light from the sunlit droplets converges to complete the required geometry. a person next to you will complete his or her own geometry, and will be at the apex of a cone for an entirely different set of droplets, and will therefore see a separate rainbow. their rainbow is very likely to look like yours, but it needn’t be so. the droplets their eyes intercept may be of a different size, and larger droplets make for a more vivid rainbow while at the same time robbing it of blue. then, too, if the sunlit droplets are very nearby, as from a lawn sprinkler, the person nearby may not see a rainbow at all. your rainbow is yours alone. but now we get to our point: what if no one’s there? answer: no rainbow.” p22-3 “in the absence of anyone or any animal, it is easy to see that no rainbow is present. or, if you prefer, there are countless trillions of potential bows, each one blurrily offset from the next by the minutest margin.” p23
physics. 5 Proposals for quantum computation rely on superposed states implementing multiple computations simultaneously, in parallel, according to quantum linear superposition (e.g., Benioff, 1982; Feynman, 1986; Deutsch, 1985, Deutsch and Josza, 1992). In principle, quantum computation is capable of specific applications beyond the reach of classical computing (e.g., Shor, 1994). A number of technological systems aimed at realizing these proposals have been suggested and are being evaluated as possible substrates for quantum computers (e.g. trapped ions, electron spins, quantum dots, nuclear spins, etc., see Table 1; Bennett, 1995; and Barenco, 1995). The main obstacle to realization of quantum computation is the problem of interfacing to the system (input, output) while also protecting the quantum state from environmental decoherence. If this problem can be overcome, then present day classical computers may evolve to quantum computers.
physics. At very small scales spacetime is not smooth, but quantized.
physics. Chalmers feels that a number of approaches were adopted to get round consciousness. Some tackled ‘easy problems’ and some even suggested that consciousness might be beyond the reach of science. Another approach, of which Dennett has been the most notable exponent, was effectively consciousness denial. Some claimed that consciousness could not exist because it was not verifiable on an external basis, while others claimed it was the same thing as the ability to discriminate or report. Chalmers feels this is unsatisfactory given the central nature of conscious experience in our lives. With still other accounts, he complains of effective sleight of hand, when a functional account, suddenly has consciousness added at a later stage without apparent explanation.
physics. “as more sophisticated experiments were devised, it became obvious that mere knowledge in the experimenter’s mind is sufficient to cause the wave-function to collapse.” p51
physics. “at first it was assumed that such uncertainty in quantum theory practice was due to some technological insufficiency on the part of the experimenter or his instruments, some lack of sophistication in the methodology. but it soon became apparent that the uncertainty is actually built into the fabric of reality. we see only that for which we are looking. of course, all of this makes perfect sense from a biocentric perspective: time is the inner form of animal sense that animates events – the still frames – of the spatial world. the mind animates the world like the motor and gears of a projector. each weaves a series of still pictures – a series of spatial states – into an order, into the ‘current’ of life. motion is created in our minds by running ‘film cells’ together. remember that everything you perceive – even this page – is actively, repeatedly, being reconstructed inside your head. it’s happening to you right now. your eyes cannot see through the wall of the cranium; all experience including visual experience is an organized whirl of information in your brain. if your mind could stop its ‘motor’ for a moment, you’d get a freeze frame, just as the movie projector isolated the arrow in one position with no momentum. in fact, time can be defined as the inner summation of spatial states; the same thing measured with our scientific instruments is called momentum. space can be defined as position, as locked in a single frame. thus, movement through space is an oxymoron. heisenberg’s uncertainty principle has its root here: position (location in space) belongs to the outer world and momentum (which involves the temporal component that adds together still ‘film cells’) belongs to the inner world. by penetrating to the bottom of matter, scientists have reduced the universe to its most basic logic, and time is simply not a feature of the external spatial world.” p100
physics. “werner heisenberg when he said, “a path comes into existence only when you observe it.’ there is neither time nor motion without life. reality is not ‘there’ with definite properties waiting to be discovered but actually comes into being depending upon the actions of the observer.” p101 “the demotion of time from an actual reality to a mere subjective experience, a fiction or even social convention, is central to biocentrism. its ultimate unreality, except as an aid and mutually agreed-upon convenience in everyday life, is yet one more piece of evidence that calls into serious doubt the ‘external universe’ mindset.” p104 “that time is a fixed arrow is a human construction. that we live no the edge of all time is a fantasy. that there is an irreversible, on-flowing continuum of events linked to galaxies and suns and the earth is an even greater fantasy. space and time are forms of animal understanding – period. we carry t hem around with us like turtles with shells. so there simply is no absolute self-existing matrix out there in which physical events occur independent of life.” p106 “the persistent human perception of time almost certainly stems from the chronic act of thinking, the one-word-at-a-time thought process by which ideas and events are visualized and anticipated. in rare moments of clarity and mental emptiness, or when danger or novel experience forces a one-pointed focus upon one’s consciousness, time vanishes, replaced by an ineffably enjoyable feeling of freedom, or the singular focus of escaping immediate peril. time is never cognized normally in such thought-less experiences: ‘i saw the whole accident unfolding in slow motion,’ in sum, from a biocentric point of view, time does not exist in the universe independent of life that notices it, and really doesn’t truly exist within the context of life either.” p109 “life has seemingly taught that time and space are external – and perhaps eternal – realities. they appear to encompass and bind all experiences, and are fundamental rather than secondary to life. they seem to lie above and beyond human experience, the gridwork within which all adventures unfold. as animals, we are organized and wired to use places and time to specify our experiences to ourselves and to others. history defines the past by placing people and events in time and space.” p112 “space, which is solely the conceptual mind’s way of clearing its throat, of pausing between identified symbols. at any rate, this subjective truth of this is now supported by actual experiments (as we saw in teh quantum theory chapters) that strongly suggest distance (space) has no reality whatsoever for entangled particles, no matter how great their apparent separation” p 114-5 “the generation to which einstein belonged had been taught that there existed an objective physical world that unfolded itself according to laws independent of life. ‘the belief in an external world independent of the perceiving subject, einstein later wrote, ‘is the basis of all natural science.’ the universe was viewed as a great machine set in motion at the beginning of time, with wheels and cogs that turned according to immutable laws independent of us.” p116 “biocentrism, of course, shows that space is a projection from inside our minds, where experience begins. it is a tool of life, the form of outer sense that allows an organism to coordinate sensory information, and to make judgments regarding the quality and intensity of what is being perceived. space is not a physical phenomenon per se – and should not be studied in the same way as chemicals and moving particles. we animal organisms use this form of perception to organize our sensations into outer experience. in biological terms, the interpretation of sensory input in the brain depends on the neural pathway it takes from the body.” p117 “so we have multiple illusions and processes that routinely impart a false view of space. shall we count the ways? (1) empty space is not empty. (2) distances between objects can and do mutate depending on a multitude of conditions, so that no bedrock distance exists anywhere, between anything and anything else. (3) quantum theory casts serious doubt about whether even distant individual items are truly separated at all. (4) we ‘see’ separations between objects only because we have been conditioned and trained, through language and convention, to draw boundaries.” p118 “what, then, is the true nature of this space? empty? seething with energy and therefore matter-equivalent? real? unreal? a uniquely active field? a field of mind? moreover, if one accepts that the external world occurs only in mind, in consciousness, and that it’s the interior of one’s brain that’s cognized ‘out there’ at this moment, then of course everything is connected with everything else.” p125-6 “the fact that space can both seem to change its appearance through aberration, and actually shrink drastically at high speed, so that the entire universe is only a few steps from end to end, illustrates that it has no inherent, let alone external, structure. it is, rather, an experiential commodity that goes with the flow and mutates under varying circumstances.” p126
brain. “The visual image of that butter, that is, the butter itself, actually exists only inside your brain. that is its location. it is the only place visual images are perceived and cognized. some may imagine that there are two worlds, one ‘out there’ and a separate one being cognized inside the skull. but the ‘two worlds’ model is a myth. nothing is perceived except the perceptions themselves, and nothing exists outside of consciousness. only one visual reality is extant, and there it is. right there. the ‘outside world’ is, therefore, located within the brain or mind. of course, this is so astounding for many people, even if it is obvious to those who study the brain, that it becomes possible to over-think the issue and come up with attempted refutations. ‘yeah, but what about someone born blind?’ ‘and what about touch; if things aren’t out there, how can we feel them?’ none of that changes the reality: touch, too, occurs only within consciousness or the mind.” p36
brain. “”more recent experiments by libet, announced in 2008, analyzing separate, higher-order brain functions, have allowed his research team to predict up to ten seconds in advance which hand a subject is about to decide to raise. ten seconds is nearly an eternity when it comes to cognitive decisions, and yet a person’s eventual decision could be seen on brain scans that long before the subject was even remotely aware of having made any decision. this and other experiments prove that the brain makes its own decisions on a subconscious level, and people only later feel that ‘they’ have performed a conscious decision. it means that we go through life thinking that, unlike the blessedly autonomous operations of the heart and kidneys, a lever-pulling ‘me’ is in charge of hte brain’s workings. libet concluded that the sense of personal free will arises solely from a habitual retrospective perspective of the ongoing flow of brain events. what, then, do we make of all this? first, that we are truly free to enjoy the unfolding of life, including our own lives, unencumbered by the acquired, often guilt-ridden sense of control, and the obsessive need to avoid messing up. we can relax, because we’ll automatically perform anyway.” p39
brain. The human capacity of self-perception, self-reflection and consciousness development are among the unsolved mysteries of neuroscience. Despite modern imaging techniques, it is still impossible to fully visualise what goes on in the brain when people move to consciousness from an unconscious state. The problem lies in the fact that it is difficult to watch our brain during this transitional change. Although this process is the same, every time a person awakens from sleep, the basic activity of our brain is usually greatly reduced during deep sleep. This makes it impossible to clearly delineate the specific brain activity underlying the regained self-perception and consciousness during the transition to wakefulness from the global changes in brain activity that takes place at the same time.
brain. Scientists from the Max Planck Institutes of Psychiatry in Munich and for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences in Leipzig and from Charité in Berlin have now studied people who are aware that they are dreaming while being in a dream state, and are also able to deliberately control their dreams. Those so-called lucid dreamers have access to their memories during lucid dreaming, can perform actions and are aware of themselves – although remaining unmistakably in a dream state and not waking up. As author Martin Dresler explains, “In a normal dream, we have a very basal consciousness, we experience perceptions and emotions but we are not aware that we are only dreaming. It’s only in a lucid dream that the dreamer gets a meta-insight into his or her state.” By comparing the activity of the brain during one of these lucid periods with the activity measured immediately before in a normal dream, the scientists were able to identify the characteristic brain activities of lucid awareness. “The general basic activity of the brain is similar in a normal dream and in a lucid dream,” says Michael Czisch, head of a research group at the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry. “In a lucid state, however, the activity in certain areas of the cerebral cortex increases markedly within seconds. The involved areas of the cerebral cortex are the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, to which commonly the function of self-assessment is attributed, and the frontopolar regions, which are responsible for evaluating our own thoughts and feelings. The precuneus is also especially active, a part of the brain that has long been linked with self-perception.” The findings confirm earlier studies and have made the neural networks of a conscious mental state visible for the first time. Self-awareness is defined as being aware of oneself, including one’s traits, feelings, and behaviors. Neuroscientists have believed that three brain regions are critical for self-awareness: the insular cortex, the anterior cingulate cortex, and the medial prefrontal cortex. However, a research team led by the University of Iowa has challenged this theory by showing that self-awareness is more a product of a diffuse patchwork of pathways in the brain – including other regions – rather than confined to specific areas. “What this research clearly shows is that self-awareness corresponds to a brain process that cannot be localized to a single region of the brain,” said David Rudrauf, co-corresponding author of the paper, published online in the journal PLOS ONE. “In all likelihood, self-awareness emerges from much more distributed interactions among networks of brain regions.” The authors believe the brainstem, thalamus, and posteromedial cortices play roles in self-awareness, as has been theorized.
brain. Conventional explanations portray consciousness as an emergent property of classical computer-like activities in the brain’s neural networks (e.g. functionalism, reductionism, physicalism, materialism, computationalism-Churchland, 1986; Dennett, 1991; Churchland and Sejnowski, 1992). The current leading candidate for a computer-like “neural correlate” of consciousness involves neuronal circuits oscillating synchronously in thalamus and cerebral cortex. Higher frequency oscillations (collectively known as “coherent 40 Hz”) are suggested to mediate temporal binding of conscious experience (e.g. Singer et al 1990; Crick and Koch, 1990; Joliot et al, 1994; Gray, 1998). The proposals vary, for example as to whether coherence originates in thalamus or resonates in cortical networks, but “thalamo-cortical 40 Hz” stands as a prevalent view of the neural-level substrate for consciousness.
brain. To address these issues, various proposals have been suggested in which macroscopic quantum phenomena are connected to the brain’s known neural activity. For the problem of unitary binding, Marshall (1989) suggested that coherent quantum states known as Bose-Einstein condensation occurred among neural proteins (c.f. Penrose, 1987; Bohm and Hiley, 1993; Jibu and Yasue, 1995). Pre-conscious to conscious transitions were identified by Stapp (1992) with collapse of a quantum wave function in pre-synaptic axon terminals (c.f. Beck and Eccles, 1992). In another proposal, protein assemblies called microtubules within the brain’s neurons are viewed as self-organizing quantum computers (“orchestrated objective reduction – Orch OR” e.g. Penrose and Hameroff, 1995; Hameroff and Penrose 1996a; 1996b; c.f. Hameroff 1997; 1998a; 1998b; 1998c; 1998d).
brain. At first glance the possibility of macroscopic quantum states in biological systems seems unlikely, appearing to require either extreme cold (to avoid thermal noise) or laser-like energetic pumping to achieve coherent states. And as in technological proposals, perfect isolation of the quantum state from the environment (and/or quantum error correction codes) would be required while the system must also somehow communicate with the external world. Living cells including the brain’s neurons seem unsuitably warm and wet for delicate quantum states which would seem susceptible to thermal noise and environmental decoherence. However specific conditions supporting quantum states in microtubules may have evolved (see Section III).
brain. At the top of Figure 1a a tubulin protein switches between two such states, governed by hydrophobic pocket electron pairs coupled by London forces. (Tubulin may actually have several hydrophobic pockets and occupy more than two states, however for simplicity we consider one pocket and two states per protein.) The two possible states in the top of Figure 1a may be viewed as representing one bit of information. If however the hydrophobic pocket electron pair is superposed (Figure 1a, bottom), then protein conformation (if isolated from external environment) is also superposed and exists in both states simultaneously (“qubit”). A properly configured and isolated array of interactive protein qubits could constitute a quantum computer.
brain. Like military facilities have simulations, quantum computers will bring about a revolution in learning a trade, or surviving a tramatic experiance. Like the Internet has everything availible upon request, quantum computers make it possible for the computer to teach you. Incorperate a hard drive in your head, and you could live online. This is the future, and coming.
brain. “Stoned Ape” theory of human evolution. In his book Food of the Gods, McKenna proposed that the transformation from humans’ early ancestors Homo erectus to the species Homo sapiens mainly had to do with the addition of the mushroom Psilocybe cubensis in its diet – an event which according to his theory took place in about 100,000 BC (this is when he believed that the species diverged from the Homo genus). He based his theory on the main effects, or alleged effects, produced by the mushroom. One of the effects that comes about from the ingestion of low doses, which agrees with one of scientist Roland Fischer’s findings from the late 1960s-early 1970s, is it significantly improves the visual acuity of humans – so theoretically, of other human-like mammals too. According to McKenna, this effect would have definitely proven to be of evolutionary advantage to humans’ omnivorous hunter-gatherer ancestors that would have stumbled upon it “accidentally”; as it would make it easier for them to hunt. In higher doses, McKenna claims, the mushroom acts as a sexual stimulator, which would make it even more beneficial evolutionarily, as it would result in more offspring. At even higher doses, the mushroom would have acted to “dissolve boundaries”, which would have promoted community-bonding and group sexual activities-that would result in a mixing of genes and therefore greater genetic diversity. Generally McKenna believed that the periodic ingestion of the mushroom would have acted to dissolve the ego in humans before it ever got the chance to grow in destructive proportions. In this context, he likened the ego to a cancerous tumor that can grow uncontrollable and become destructive to its host. In his own words: Wherever and whenever the ego function began to form, it was akin to a cancerous tumor or a blockage in the energy of the psyche. The use of psychedelic plants in a context of shamanic initiation dissolved-as it dissolves today-the knotted structure of the ego into undifferentiated feeling, what Eastern philosophy calls the Tao. —Terence McKenna, Food of the Gods The mushroom, according to McKenna, had also given humans their first truly religious experiences (which, as he believed, were the basis for the foundation of all subsequent religions to date). Another factor that McKenna talked about was the mushroom’s potency to promote linguistic thinking. This would have promoted vocalisation, which in turn would have acted in cleansing the brain (based on a scientific theory that vibrations from speaking cause the precipitation of impurities from the brain to the cerebrospinal fluid), which would further mutate the brain. All these factors according to McKenna were the most important factors that promoted evolution towards the Homo sapiens species. After this transformation took place, the species would have begun moving out of Africa to populate the rest of the planet Later on, this theory by McKenna was given the name “The ‘Stoned Ape’ Theory of Human Evolution”. Novelty theory According to McKenna the universe has a teleological attractor at the end of time that increases interconnectedness, eventually reaching a singularity of infinite complexity in 2012 at which point anything and everything imaginable will occur simultaneously, what he referred to as the Eschaton. He conceived this idea over several years in the early to mid-1970s while using psilocybin mushrooms and DMT. McKenna viewed the universe as a swarm of matter waves, spiralling down the gradient of their synergetic (energetically favourable) constructive interference. He saw the universe as being “pulled from the future toward a goal that is as inevitable as a marble reaching the bottom of a bowl when you release it up near the rim…it comes to rest at the lowest energy state, which is the bottom of the bowl. That’s precisely my model of human history.” In novelty theory, when two matter waves become connected by mutual constructive interference (quantum entanglement, rapport), they imagine or grok each other. Mc Kenna believed that imagination was capable of interconnecting matter waves instantaneously, stating that “the imagination is a dimension of nonlocal information,” and “novelty is density of connection.”  A screenshot of the “Timewave Zero” software “What is happening to our world is ingression of novelty toward what Whitehead called “concrescence”, a tightening gyre. Everything is flowing together. The “autopoietic lapis”, the alchemical stone at the end of time, coalesces when everything flows together. When the laws of physics are obviated, the universe disappears, and what is left is the tightly bound plenum, the monad, able to express itself for itself, rather than only able to cast a shadow into physis as its reflection. I come very close here to classical millenarian and apocalyptic thought in my view of the rate at which change is accelerating. From the way the gyre is tightening, I predict that the concrescence will occur soon—around 2012 AD. It will be the entry of our species into hyperspace, but it will appear to be the end of physical laws accompanied by the release of the mind into the imagination.” McKenna expressed “novelty” in a computer program which purportedly produces a waveform known as “timewave zero” or the “timewave”. “Timewave zero” is a numerological formula that purports to calculate the ebb and flow of “novelty”, defined as increase over time in the universe’s interconnectedness, or organized complexity.  Based on McKenna’s interpretation of the King Wen sequence of the I Ching, the graph appears to show great periods of novelty corresponding with major shifts in humanity’s biological and sociocultural evolution. He believed that the events of any given time are recursively related to the events of other times, and chose the atomic bombing of Hiroshima as the basis for calculating his end date of 16 November 2012. When he later discovered that the end of the 13th baktun in the Maya Calendar had been correlated by Western Maya scholars with December 21, not far from his own hypothesized end date, he decided that the Maya were more likely to be right on this subject and he adopted their end date. The 1975 first edition of Mc Kenna’s The Invisible Landscape refers to 2012 (but no specific day during the year) only twice. In the 1993 second edition, McKenna employed the 21st of December 2012 throughout, the date arrived at by the Mayanist researcher Robert J. Sharer’s.[Note d] 
brain. human thoughts are also found in the electromagnetic range of frequencies. Thoughts are very very long wavelengths compared to radio waves, but except for the length of their wavelengths, they are exactly the same. So why wouldn’t a crystal be able to pick up your thoughts? without crystals, computers would not exist. it is the living nature of a crystal that allows computers to do what they do. Natural crystals can hold a ‘program’, which means a thought pattern, and continue to replay that thought pattern for eternity unless someone erases the program. A properly programmed crystal can change and influence vast area in the human world. – fb post Global Illumination Council via Katie Crews
location: foodcourt, where he meets the girl and boy and eats for the first time in weeks. he explains what he’s done; snake urges him to get it patented; he laughs because he couldn’t possibly document it well enough to fill out a patent application.
the quantum kernel solves the problem of time synchronization as well as bandwidth by bypassing both. bandwidth because of the entanglement that saves downloading every little change to every single user. and synchronization because time is relative anyway, so if you want to race against somebody on the moon, you just build a quantum simulation covering all the possible moves, and let your avatars duke it out. then you play it back and find out who won, which depends on both players watching the feedback. preventing too many people from being in the ring at once and overloading the server, but the internet is the server, so it doesn’t matter.
3??? if they make a game where you have to immerse yourself in a quantum world, then people will get used to it, and pretty soon they’ll be using the same techniques at home, school, and the office. the whole world will change.
is it the force? the infinite of all things, all consciousness? it’s not hte force entire, but only a little piece, an artificial construct, a golem of force, a simulacrum. but it’s hooked in to the force, so it’ll do.
kurt has an idea how to make game creation easier. a quantum tablet. it reads your mind(s) , it’s all wysiwyg, drag and drop. intelligible design. you basically draw out what you want, and the programming happens automatically. like comic book. boy and fairy have worked on comic books; girl wasn’t allowed to read them (mom said stunt intellectual growth). with quantum tablet, 100 jobs = 4 and $10m = $1000. where we gonna get $k? i’ll get a job as a stripper, girl suggests. they look expectantly at her. not; she’s angry.
discussion: time: this process, time itself emerges, as do our immediate experiences. the causal relationships we see between events themselves arise from this deeper order where the possibility-waves reside.” p159
discussion: time: “Sheldrake He was profoundly influenced by a book called Matter and Memory by the philosopher Henri Bergson. “When I discovered Bergson’s idea that memory is not stored in the brain but that it is a relation in time, not in space, I realised that there might potentially be a memory principle in nature that would solve the problem I was wrestling with.” His hope is that there will be a “coming out” moment in science. “It’s like gays in the 1950s,” he suggests. “I think if people in the realm of science and medicine came out and talked about the limitations of purely mechanistic and reductive approaches it would be much more fun…”scientists are prone to “the recurrent fantasy of omniscience”. The science delusion, in these terms, consists in the faith that we already understand the nature of reality, in principle, and that all that is left to do is to fill in the details.”
discussion: theory: “You’d find the electron in one box, its spin in the other. Even by the standards of quantum mechanics, this is surprising. It requires what quantum physicists call “weak measurement,” whereby you interact with a system so gently that you avoid collapsing it from a quantum state to a classical one. On the face of it, such an interaction scarcely qualifies as a measurement; any results get lost in the noise of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle. What Aharonov realized is that, if you sift through the results, you can find patterns buried within them. In practice, this means repeating the experiment on a large number of electrons (or cats) and then applying a filter or “postselection.” Only a few particles will pass through this filter, and among them, the result of the softly softly measurement will stand out. Because you avoid collapsing the quantum state, quintessentially quantum phenomena such as wave interference still occur.”
discussion: quantum theory: “Some observations of how hydrogen gas in space absorbs light at ultraviolet wavelengths have hinted that the fine structure constant, responsible for the strength of electromagnetism, is not the same throughout the universe. That would point to exotic new physics, including the existence of extra dimensions and universes other than our own.”
discussion/kernel: theory / entanglement: “The authors experimentally realized a “Gedankenexperiment” called “delayed-choice entanglement swapping”, formulated by Asher Peres in the year 2000. Two pairs of entangled photons are produced, and one photon from each pair is sent to a party called Victor. Of the two remaining photons, one photon is sent to the party Alice and one is sent to the party Bob. Victor can now choose between two kinds of measurements. If he decides to measure his two photons in a way such that they are forced to be in an entangled state, then also Alice’s and Bob’s photon pair becomes entangled. If Victor chooses to measure his particles individually, Alice’s and Bob’s photon pair ends up in a separable state. Modern quantum optics technology allowed the team to delay Victor’s choice and measurement with respect to the measurements which Alice and Bob perform on their photons. “We found that whether Alice’s and Bob’s photons are entangled and show quantum correlations or are separable and show classical correlations can be decided after they have been measured”, explains Xiao-song Ma, lead author of the study. According to the famous words of Albert Einstein, the effects of quantum entanglement appear as “spooky action at a distance”. The recent experiment has gone one remarkable step further. “Within a naïve classical word view, quantum mechanics can even mimic an influence of future actions on past events”, says Anton Zeilinger at the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, the University of Vienna”
discussion: psi / entanglement: “physiological indices of participants’ emotional arousal were monitored as participants viewed a series of pictures on a computer screen. Most of the pictures were emotionally neutral, but a highly arousing negative or erotic image was displayed on randomly selected trials. As expected, strong emotional arousal occurred when these images appeared on the screen, but the remarkable finding is that the increased arousal was observed to occur a few seconds before the picture appeared, before the computer has even selected the picture to be displayed. the trait of extraversion has been frequently reported as a correlate of psi, with extraverts achieving higher psi scores than introverts. In the experiment just reported, for example, there are several possible interpretations of the significant correspondence between the participants’ left/right responses and the computer’s left/right placements of the erotic target pictures: 1. Precognition or retroactive influence: The participant is, in fact, accessing information yet to be determined in the future, implying that the direction of the causal arrow has been reversed. 2. Clairvoyance/remote viewing: The participant is accessing already-determined information in real time, information that is stored in the computer. 3. Psychokinesis: The participant is actually influencing the RNG’s placements of the targets. 4. Artifactual correlation: The output from the RNG is inadequately randomized, containing patterns that fortuitously match participants’ response biases. This produces a spurious correlation between the participant’s guesses and the computer’s placements of the target picture. the empirical confirmation of Bell’s theorem (Cushing & McMullin, 1989; Herbert, 1987; Radin, 2006), which implies that any realist model of physical reality that is compatible with quantum mechanics must be nonlocal: It must allow for the possibility that particles that have once interacted can become entangled so that even when they are later separated by arbitrarily large distances, an observation made on one of the particles will be correlated with what will be observed on its entangled partners in ways that are incompatible with any physically permissible causal mechanism (such as a signal transmitted between them). The most extensive discussion of how entanglement might provide a theory for psi will be found in Radin’s (2006) Entangled Minds: Extrasensory Experiences in a Quantum Reality. Radin argued that over the past century, most of the fundamental assumptions about the fabric of physical reality have been revised in the direction predicted by genuine psi. This is why I propose that psi is the human experience of the entangled universe. Quantum entanglement as presently understood in elementary atomic systems is, by itself, insufficient to explain psi. But the ontological parallels implied by entanglement and psi are so compelling that I believe they’d be foolish to ignore (p. 235). Even before Bell’s theorem, it was known that whether light behaves like waves or like particles depends on the conditions of observation. These features of quantum mechanics have led to “observational” theories of psi in which it is not just the act of observation but the consciousness of the human observer that plays an active role in what will be observed”
discussion: theory / time / blockworld: “an entire human life, which exists over time, can be conceptualized as a four-dimensional tube set in a four-dimensional block of spacetime. the time traveler explains that each of us exists as a solid entity in four dimensions. every person has fuzzy thicknesses extending in all dimensions and consciousness precipitating out, instant by instant, like a dew drop from a fog, with each drop a fuzzy cross section of the person’s whole life. although we exist as four-dimensional beings frozen in space-time, we only experience the precipitation process, moment by moment. consciousness moves along only one of those dimensions – the time dimension – and only ‘sees’ a cross section of the whole, which it takes to be the whole being at a certain time…a living person would be the whole tube extended in four dimensions, so that an actual baby appears as a three-dimensional cross section through the tube, a young man as another cross section, and an old man as another, taken at the end of the temporal dimension for that particular individual. “this notion of ‘block spacetime’ is pervasive in modern physics theory arising from minkowski’s vision discussed in chapter 3. ‘ordinary’ time travel frees one from the ‘time tube’ instantaneous cross section in four-dimensional spacetime and allows one to move along the temporal dimension as freely as one moves from one room of a house to another. to actually accomplish this, however, means finding some technology that can counter the natural tendency to move along the tube in a singe direction – into the future – instant by instant as we all seem compelled to do.”
discussion: brain / consciousness: “Penrose/Hameroff Orchestrated Object Reduction (Orch OR) theory of quantum consciousness. In a nutshell, the theory suggests that inside each nerve cell, spindle-like microtubules (very tiny ropes of protein) exhibit quantum mechanical properties – dual wave/particle characteristics – holding two positions or configurations at the same time. These microtubules are able to dance in unison with thousands of others in a coherent network. Finally, the hybrid states collapse from their uncertainty of quantum entanglement into a singular, “classical” position, in the process forming conscious thought. Some thinkers, including the Boston-based professor of philosophy at Tufts University, Daniel Dennett, have argued that the brain processes inputs like a Darwinian computer, by selectively sorting perceived information, and that a separate consciousness outside the matrix of events and sensations of life is an idle construct. “Subtract them, and nothing is left beyond a weird conviction [in some people] that there is some ineffable residue of ‘qualitative content’ bereft of all powers to move us, delight us, annoy us, remind us of anything,” Dennett says. Is a person’s experience of life more than the sum total of sensory perceptions? Greenfield, a neuro-pharmacologist, has moved from labelling brain regions and prefers to describe the walnut-shaped brain, with its cauliflower-appendage of cerebellum, as operating more like New York City. The brain’s 100 billion neurons could be divided into boroughs, districts and blocks. A room in a building on a block is like a neuron, which communicates with other rooms in the city via messengers – transmitters that are received by receptor chemicals – and inside each room are desk-bound synapses and ion channel cupboards, with pumps for movement of electrical impulses which deliver the required end responses. The brain’s ability to self-repair – for example, after a mild stroke – indicates it has plasticity way beyond the earlier categorisations. Far from being on the genetic determinist side of the nature/nurture debate, Greenfield considers the mind as “the seething morass of cell circuitry that has been configured by personal experiences and is constantly being updated as we live out each moment”. Emotions, Greenfield argues, are the building blocks of consciousness, which emerges as a series of waves of neuron networks that rise and fall according to the degree of awareness or stimulation. “One thing is clear: the brain doesn’t work like a digital computer. It is swirling patterns of electrical activity. It has to do with patterns and complexity,” says Paul Davies. Certainly there is a huge global effort to find the bit where it happens, the NCC – the neural correlate of consciousness. Davies says mapping ways in which neural processes correlate to conscious outcomes is a reasonable approach. “But you are still stuck with the problem of what is it about a particular complex electrical pattern that has thoughts or sensation attached to it, let alone specific ones like love or a sense of greenness. What distinguishes those from the swirling electrical patterns in the Victorian electricity grid, which presumably doesn’t have thoughts and sensations attached to it? That is what a physicist would like to know. So it still seems to me, as a physicist, deeply mysterious, the problem of consciousness.” “Time is on our side. The classical approaches are going nowhere, they are flailing in terms of explaining consciousness,” he says. “It is all more of the same hand waving, emergence arguments, more ultra-reductionism – this part of the brain is important, that part is not – with no attempt to deal with the enigmatic issues. Nobody has a clue about the hard problem except to say that it emerges like a rabbit out of a hat … we have testable predictions and the classical people don’t.””
discussion: neurons / psi: “researchers at Washington University in St. Louis are beginning to unravel the process by which the brain makes these everyday prognostications. The researchers focused on the mid-brain dopamine system (MDS), an evolutionarily ancient system that provides signals to the rest of the brain when unexpected events occur. Using functional MRI (fMRI), they found that this system encodes prediction error when viewers are forced to choose what will happen next in a video of an everyday event. “Successful predictions are associated with the subjective experience of a smooth stream of consciousness. But a few times a minute, our predictions come out wrong and then we perceive a break in the stream of consciousness, accompanied by an uptick in activity of primitive parts of the brain involved with the MDS that regulate attention and adaptation to unpredicted changes.” In the functional MRI experiment, Zacks and his colleagues saw significant activity in several midbrain regions, among them the substantia nigra — “ground zero for the dopamine signaling system” — and in a set of nuclei called the striatum. The substantia nigra, Zacks says, is the part of the brain hit hardest by Parkinson’s disease, and is important for controlling movement and making adaptive decisions. Brain activity in this experiment was revealed by fMRI at two critical points: when subjects tried to make their choice, and immediately after feedback on the correctness or incorrectness of their answers. Mid-brain responses “really light up at hard times, like crossing the event boundary and when the subjects were told that they had made the wrong choice,” Zacks says. [put this with the baby blink6]
kurt spends more weeks not answering emails while he builds the quantum tablet, which is a level editor. take existing code, insert tool functionality, throw up a panel of controls on the screen and switch to keyboard shortcuts. using the quantum tablet as a level editor, they can select the parameters for each activity, link to an example somewhere (gravity anomalies) and the tablet generates the desired effect / functionality. drag and drop, fill, lasso, copy/paste, save/load. both quantum kernel and quantum tablet, and the beginnings of the game gear (pex, spex and flex – psfX)
he’s always stopping dead in his tracks to connect and do something inside the game. he works thru his custom-hacked bluetooth and his prototype glove, and if he’s talking to someone else he’ll just trail off and zone out, his hand working madly by his side. he’s very haggard and doesn’t sleep much. when he’s sleeping he’s also programming. his hands twitch like a puppy’s. sleep programming that he doesn’t remember, but that’s how he wrote most of the kernel – ambien and (salvia no, paralysis and being with god) tramadol. strange things happened while he was writing the kernel. he would find himself inside it, tinkering with the code, building in extra bits he understood perfectly at the time in his sleep. the programmer uses pharms. ambien and ecstasy. ambien and uppers. whatever. oxy.
chapter 5 or i forget 6 kurt making spex. ‘Immersive Display Experience’ would create a peripheral display around the television screen filling the room around the user with trees, Orcs and bloodstained train carriages, in a manner reminiscent of the holodeck in Star Trek. The peripheral image would merge seamlessly with the game image actually on the screen, which would remain the focus of the user’s attention. The idea is that bringing the room into the game is the next step to making games more immersive, building off Microsoft’s Xbox and motion-sensing Kinect. The application reads: User enjoyment of video games and related media experiences can be increased by making the gaming experience more realistic. Previous attempts to make the experience more realistic have included switching from two-dimensional to three-dimensional animation techniques, increasing the resolution of game graphics, producing improved sound effects, and creating more natural game controllers. This invention would take it a step further: An immersive display environment is provided to a human user by projecting a peripheral image onto environmental surfaces around the user. The peripheral images serve as an extension to a primary image displayed on a primary display. The peripheral image would be created by a 360 degree projector and would adjust as the gamer moved around in the game, and in the room. Eye-tracking tech would ensure that the scene shifts as the user looks around it. A special built in mechanism would avoid shining light into the user’s eyes. Perez’s application also suggests that the image could be adjusted to the shape and even colour of the room to optimise the experience. he patent describes elements of an HMD that will perform this function, including a user input facility, a video-in facility, memory for storing data and a processor for computing the displayed items in the central and peripheral fields of view. The patent text mentions audio: “[T]he HMDs … can also be equipped with an audio system … This will allow the user to watch feature movies … the user experience in viewing movies … can be as good, or even better, than what a user experiences in a movie theatre.”
An Apple iGlass implementation would be a wearable computer with visual data presented to the eyes, audio to the ears, and some form of synching to a Mac host or the Apple cloud. Could Apple do this?
chapter 5 or i forget 6 kurt making spex. ‘Immersive Display Experience’ would create a peripheral display around the television screen filling the room around the user with trees, Orcs and bloodstained train carriages, in a manner reminiscent of the holodeck in Star Trek. The peripheral image would merge seamlessly with the game image actually on the screen, which would remain the focus of the user’s attention.
The idea is that bringing the room into the game is the next step to making games more immersive, building off Microsoft’s Xbox and motion-sensing Kinect. The application reads: User enjoyment of video games and related media experiences can be increased by making the gaming experience more realistic. Previous attempts to make the experience more realistic have included switching from two-dimensional to three-dimensional animation techniques, increasing the resolution of game graphics, producing improved sound effects, and creating more natural game controllers. This invention would take it a step further: An immersive display environment is provided to a human user by projecting a peripheral image onto environmental surfaces around the user. The peripheral images serve as an extension to a primary image displayed on a primary display. The peripheral image would be created by a 360 degree projector and would adjust as the gamer moved around in the game, and in the room. Eye-tracking tech would ensure that the scene shifts as the user looks around it. A special built in mechanism would avoid shining light into the user’s eyes. Perez’s application also suggests that the image could be adjusted to the shape and even colour of the room to optimise the experience. the patent describes elements of an HMD that will perform this function, including a user input facility, a video-in facility, memory for storing data and a processor for computing the displayed items in the central and peripheral fields of view. The patent text mentions audio: “[T]he HMDs … can also be equipped with an audio system … This will allow the user to watch feature movies … the user experience in viewing movies … can be as good, or even better, than what a user experiences in a movie theatre.”
An Apple iGlass implementation would be a wearable computer with visual data presented to the eyes, audio to the ears, and some form of synching to a Mac host or the Apple cloud. Could Apple do this?
kurt builds spex chapter. A patent newly-published by the USPTO and filed by Apple in June reveals plans for a system through which devices could be charged by the movement of a person’s body, thanks to electromagnetic induction using printed coils. Such a system could potentially allow an iPhone, iPad or any portable device to build up a charge as a user moves around, giving up a continual source of extra juice that should at the very least ensure that you never run completely dry while on the go.
kurt creates kernel, then creates quantum tablet. they notice kernel blame solar storm, ignore activity smugly
kurt invents a quantum programming kernel, causing a power drain which nobody connects to the game. kurt hacks an interface for the quantum kernel.
kurt: sleep programming that he doesn’t remember, but that’s how he wrote most of the kernel – ambien and (salvia no, paralysis and being with god) tramadol. strange things happened while he was writing the kernel. he would find himself inside it, tinkering with the code, building in extra bits he understood perfectly at the time in his sleep. the programmer uses pharms. ambien and ecstasy. ambien and uppers. whatever. oxy. technical about quantum computing? mindguard to eliminate psychotronic radiation. tinfoil hats
fairy: vs snake: Do not behave inconsistently. Do not go back on your word. Be firm and resolute.
random: uptodate with developments, reads up on quantum computing. becomes friends with fairy? “23. concentrate your forces. conserve your forces and energies by keeping them concentrated at their strongest point. you gain more by finding a rich mine and mining it deeper, than by flitting from one shallow mine to another – intensity defeats extensity every time. when looking for sources of power to elevate you, find the one key patron, the fat cow who will give you milk for a long time to come.” random india
=p: failed relationship, used again. bitter and self-absorbed.
c3ll3r!: makes the money for next year’s dragoncon. starts planning costume, mom backs him up when dad criticizes. “In acknowledging a place for darkness and irrationality, the dynamic paradoxicalist must be very wary. This acknowledgment can all to easily slide into the indulgence of sophisticated rationalization where one excuses foolishness by acknowledging that darkness has its place alongside light. This is no small pitfall. This type of rationalization excuses the sadistic and/or hedonistic antics of abusive gurus, for example, by claiming that they are “crazy wisdom teachers.” Dynamic paradoxicalism is a philosophy best suited for those who are grounded in a strong, Warrior stance. If you aren’t wary of the trickster function than of course you are going to encounter deities with ego and book concept enhancing prophetic messages. Wherever you cast obsessive attention—conspiracy theorists take note—there are going to be weird synchronicities seeming to confirm your obsessions. They found the glazed stare was accompanied by objectively measurable changes in automatic, reflexive eye behavior that could not be imitated by non-hypnotized participants. In the field of hypnosis research this result means that hypnosis can no longer be regarded as mental imagery that takes place during a totally normal waking state of consciousness. On the other hand, the result may have wider consequences for psychology and cognitive neuroscience, since it provides the first evidence of the existence of a conscious state in humans that has previously not been scientifically confirmed. For over 100 years researchers have debated if a special hypnotic state exists or whether it is just about using cognitive strategies and mental imagery in a normal waking state.” nathan claims to be going out for sports, continues working, makes the money for next year’s dragoncon. overhears kurt, examines prototype tablet. starts planning costume, mom backs him up when dad criticizes. “18 do not build fortresses to protect yourself – isolation is dangerous. the world is dangerous and enemies are everywhere – everyone has to protect themselves. a fortress seems the safest. but isolation exposes you to more dangers than it protects you from – it cuts you off from valuable information, it makes you conspicuous and an easy target. better to circulate among people, find allies, mingle. you are shielded from your enemies by the crowd.” c3ll3r! w/dad Third, confrontation: communication becomes more honest through conflict; new patterns of relationship are suggested. helps, befriends kurt.
The maintenance of civil order society rests on the foundation of family discipline. Therefore, a child who disrespects his parents must be permanently removed from society in a way that gives an example to all other children of the importance of respect for parents. The death penalty for rebellious children is not something to be taken lightly. The guidelines for administering the death penalty to rebellious children are given in Deut 21:18-21: Even though this procedure would rarely be used, if it were the law of land, it would give parents authority. Children would know that their parents had authority and it would be a tremendous incentive for children to give proper respect to their parents.
traits: Preference for conventional art, clothing.
work: ominous silence at work, cold shoulder from boss
abuse: Control – He is overly demanding of your time and must be the center of your attention. Using Isolation. “Checking up on” your partner’s activities or whereabouts. Controlling what your partner does, who he or she sees and talks to, what he or she reads, where he or she goes. Using Intimidation. “good children are characterized by unthinking obedience, deference to their elders, and abasement before adults and children of higher social class than themselves. their reward is in heaven because they would not dream of seeking earthly satisfactions. bad children insist on thinking for themselves and attending to their own needs and interests, and they must be taught a lesson. increasing maturity brings wider opportunities to behave well, but in general, adults are morally disabled by compromise, and it is better to die young.”
mom: always watched by dad, has to explain, eggshells.
sis: has dad pay her fine, gets another speeding ticket, mom finds out, sis threatens mom. “victim. Because they are blameless and bad things keep happening to them, victims live in a bubble of negative feelings; self-pity, helplessness, hopelessness, depression, anxiety, anger and fear color their world. It’s difficult, if not impossible to help someone with a victim mentality because lacking an internal locus of control, they look to an external source to rescue them and give them what they feel they are owed. take a victim stance in life. Treatment for them has become a lifestyle, and they get to stay in the problem, rather than move into the solution. If I get to be the victim, the overindulged one, the entitled one, the misunderstood one, the abused one and the wronged one, I don’t have to be responsible for myself. It is just that simple. Persons who feel victimized are often people who have become negative and developed a strong sense of entitlement.”
armchair authoritarian: Preference for conventional art, clothing, and institutions . Control – He is overly demanding of your time and must be the center of your attention. He controls finances, the car, and the activities you partake in. Becomes angry if woman begins showing signs of independence or strength.
sis: The spoiler child refuses to grow up, remains dependent in some way on the parent or a parent surrogate, and ruins and/or denigrates everything the parents try to do for them. A female child might start to lose or mistreat valuable designer clothes, and then demand both replacement of the expensive gifts and more of her mother’s time.
Nothing the parent does or says is ever good enough. The “child” – and this continues well into adulthood – will figuratively piss all over everything the parent does for them. The parents’ motives are consistently misinterpreted and they are constantly accused of being selfish, overly-demanding, stupid, or downright evil. They are treated with utter contempt.
This treatment of the parents is a form of invalidation.
Invalidating someone else is not merely disagreeing with something that the other person says. It is a process in which individuals communicate to another that the opinions and emotions of the target are invalid, irrational, selfish, uncaring, stupid, most likely insane, and wrong, wrong, wrong. Invalidators let it be known directly or indirectly that their target’s views and feelings do not count for anything to anybody at any time or in any way. In some families, the invalidation becomes extreme, leading to physical abuse and even murder. However, invalidation can also be accomplished by verbal manipulations that invalidate in ways both subtle and confusing.
Spoilers never become independent of their parents because they never really function as competent adults. This allows the parents to remain obsessed with the child, as seems to be their fervent desire. At the same time, the outrageous and scandalous behavior of the child gives the parents a much needed excuse to vent their often unacknowledged hostility at their offspring.
They often still nonetheless feel guilty over their poor performance in the parenting role, which agains leads them to become unstable. In response, the child will start to try to “regulate” their emotions. If the parents get too angry, the child makes them feel guilty. If they start to feel too guilty, the child makes them angry!
The spoiler role is difficult to maintain, so the child needs to continually practice it with other people. The usual candidates for them to practice on are lovers, spouses, and of course therapists. No one else will continue to put up with them.
shit happens: it’s like a light switching on somewhere on the grid, it’s a powerful light and draws a lot of electricity but it’s being drawn at a million points and is only detectable in the aggregate. shit happens, overall power fluctuation created by the quantum kernel, overall power fluctuation created by the quantum kernel, “I’m a weather forecaster in the Air National Guard and part of our training involves sunspots/CME’s, and it really would be a problem if another Carrington Event occurred. Not only would SATCOM be down but GPS, Radio, Power Grids, Television, and a whole slew of electronics. Keep in mind too that all air traffic would be grounded. Fortunately the Solar Min/Max cycle is roughly every 11 years, with the peak in 2013 for the current Solar Max cycle. Not as much activity is predicted for this cycle”
they: notice the quantum kernel goes online, but they don’t understand what it means. attributed to solar storm, they are suspicious and order investigation. conscious self-inflicted decline. “From the 1970s, there has been a significant change in the U.S. economy, as planners, private and state, shifted it toward financialization and the offshoring of production, driven in part by the declining rate of profit in domestic manufacturing. These decisions initiated a vicious cycle in which wealth became highly concentrated (dramatically so in the top 0.1% of the population), yielding concentration of political power, hence legislation to carry the cycle further: taxation and other fiscal policies, deregulation, changes in the rules of corporate governance allowing huge gains for executives, and so on. Meanwhile, for the majority, real wages largely stagnated, and people were able to get by only by sharply increased workloads (far beyond Europe), unsustainable debt, and repeated bubbles since the Reagan years, creating paper wealth that inevitably disappeared when they burst (and the perpetrators were bailed out by the taxpayer). Failure by Design. The phrase “by design” is accurate. Other choices were certainly possible. And as the study points out, the “failure” is class-based. There is no failure for the designers. Far from it. Rather, the policies are a failure for the large majority, the 99% in the imagery of the Occupy movements — and for the country, which has declined and will continue to do so under these policies. One factor is the offshoring of manufacturing. As the solar panel example mentioned earlier illustrates, manufacturing capacity provides the basis and stimulus for innovation leading to higher stages of sophistication in production, design, and invention. That, too, is being outsourced, not a problem for the “money mandarins” who increasingly design policy, but a serious problem for working people and the middle classes, and a real disaster for the most oppressed,” in the realworld – they notice when the quantum kernel goes online, but they don’t understand what it means. it’s like a light switching on somewhere on the grid, it’s a powerful light and draws a lot of electricity but it’s being drawn at a million points and is only detectable in the aggregate.
media: a million lightbulbs. illustrate dominant culture. tactic didn’t happen. then they ignore you.
authoritarian culture: “Persecution and past abuse are often the causes – or at least the antecedents – of the pathology. , grandiose, assumption of superiority. abuse – then they ignore you. Make invisible – just someone to make the tea. For the past three decades, especially, consumers haven’t so much bought their quality of life as they’ve borrowed it from banks and credit card companies. And since the Great Recession, Americans have been busy rebuilding their balance sheets and avoiding new financial encumbrances. When American consumers can’t—or won’t—borrow to purchase the goods and services they’ve come to consider part of their standard of living, how does the economy get back on its feet? The answer lies in consumers following the example of corporations—that is, becoming more efficient. The reaction to extended leverage and foolish borrowing isn’t to stop consuming and buying; it is to consume and buy more intelligently. That’s what the Rentership Society is all about. And it starts at home. Literally. Housing is the biggest single component of consumption in the U.S. economy and the source of much of our present misery. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the typical consumer spends about 32% of his or her budget on shelter. In the last decade, that generally meant borrowing a lot of money to take “ownership” of a home. The vast mortgage-political-financial complex, for a variety of reasons, valued homeownership as a good in its own right. Democrats saw the extension of credit to people on the lower end of the income scale as a matter of social justice; Republicans thought homeownership would make people more bourgeois. Banks and Wall Street firms salivated at the fees mortgages could generate. So, during the boom, the homeownership rate grew steadily, peaking at a record 69% in 2006, according to the Census Bureau. But those gains were short-lived and came at a truly massive cost: a huge mortgage bust, expensive bailouts of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, an overhang of millions of foreclosed properties and falling home prices. Ownership-boosters failed to note that homes purchased in 2005 and 2006 with no-money-down, interest-only mortgages weren’t really bought. They were simply rented until the “owner” flipped them or walked away from the mortgage. Far from strengthening low-income neighborhoods, this destabilized them through the inevitability of foreclosure. t’s tempting to view the rise of rentership as an economic step backward. Renters can’t build up equity, and they have less control over their living standards than owners. Renting is generally seen as something you do when you’ve failed as a homeowner or are not yet ready to be one. But I’d argue the rise of rentership is a sign of a system adapting—albeit too slowly—to new realities. Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have become reluctant owners of more than 200,000 properties thanks to the foreclosure crisis, working through the backlog, one painstaking foreclosure sale at a time. But in February, Fannie Mae said it would put up for sale some 2,490 homes as a package, asking for $321 million. The Wall Street Journal reported that an assortment of real estate companies and private-equity investors were considering making bids. The presumption was that these sophisticated investors would turn the homes into rental properties. The Enlightenment notions about human nature were reflected in the newly minted nation-state whose raison d’être was to protect private property relations and stimulate market forces as well as act as a surrogate of the collective self-interest of the citizenry in the international arena. Like individuals, nation-states were considered to be autonomous agents embroiled in a relentless battle with other sovereign nations in the pursuit of material gains. It was these very assumptions that provided the philosophical underpinnings for a geopolitical frame of reference that accompanied the first and second industrial revolutions in the 19th and 20th centuries. These beliefs about human nature came to the fore in the aftermath of the global economic meltdown and in the boisterous and acrimonious confrontations in the meeting rooms in Copenhagen, with potentially disastrous consequences for the future of humanity and the planet. If human nature is as the Enlightenment philosophers claimed, then we are likely doomed. It is impossible to imagine how we might create a sustainable global economy and restore the biosphere to health if each and every one of us is, at the core of our biology, an autonomous agent and a self-centered and materialistic being. This article concerns metaphors and ways of seeing, particularly ways of seeing what others are not looking at. The logical assumption is that a non-subject is therefore trivial, unworthy of serious study. Conversely, my response was and is to question why these are non-subjects, to investigate decisions made by others about what is likely to be important to me or to anyone else. So my work begins with a rejection—of the canon, of the politics of literature and its publication, of academic appropriateness, of the legislation of opinion. One of the ways that academics seem to operate is through the posing of binary or structural opposites. It is comforting to know that if a thing is not this it must be that; what is not cold is hot. Never mind that we are capable of thinking about and experiencing an enormous range of temperatures, that heat is a relative term as is cold; structural opposition (Lévi-Straussian construction) enforces binary coding, usually with the additional motivation of fixing, or affixing, moral values. Because one is already conditioned to look at things as this or that, cold or hot, the value indicators are similarly binary: negative and positive. We need both, of course, and not only in our flashlights: polarity is a dependent relationship. But because of this tendency towards a tension of opposites, we end up limiting our transactions, our thinking, to bad and good. This is the outcome—if not the point—of children’s literature: it conditions us to distinguish bad and good, and to make a number of other associations with these terms; that which is considered good is that which beautiful, smart, nice, polite, fair or even white, obedient, tall, slim, quiet, and so forth. In fairy tales, the basis of what we now call children’s literature, a person’s inner qualities are instantly discernible from external attributes. Good and bad are physiologically, physiognomically manifest: the dark little crooked old woman in black with the wart on her nose is not going to be the hero. Thus a good person is also pleasant to look at and (as we know from television) has clean clothes, fresh breath, and carefully styled hair.”
resistance. antiauthoritarian type. then they ignore you. “Recent discoveries in brain science and child development, however, are forcing us to rethink these long-held shibboleths about human nature. Biologists and cognitive neuroscientists are discovering mirror-neurons–the so-called empathy neurons–that allow human beings and other species to feel and experience another’s situation as if it were one’s own. We are, it appears, the most social of animals and seek intimate participation and companionship with our fellows. Social scientists, in turn, are beginning to reexamine human history from an empathic lens and, in the process, discovering previously hidden strands of the human narrative which suggests that human evolution is measured not only by the expansion of power over nature, but also by the intensification and extension of empathy to more diverse others across broader temporal and spatial domains. The growing scientific evidence that we are a fundamentally empathic species has profound and far-reaching consequences for society, and may well determine our fate as a species. What is required now is nothing less than a leap to global empathic consciousness and in less than a generation if we are to resurrect the global economy and revitalize the biosphere. The question becomes this: what is the mechanism that allows empathic sensitivity to mature and consciousness to expand through history? Communication revolutions not only manage new, more complex energy regimes, but also change human consciousness in the process. Forager/hunter societies relied on oral communications and their consciousness was mythologically constructed. The great hydraulic agricultural civilizations were, for the most part, organized around script communication and steeped in theological consciousness. The first industrial revolution of the 19th century was managed by print communication and ushered in ideological consciousness. Electronic communication became the command and control mechanism for arranging the second industrial revolution in the 20th century and spawned psychological consciousness.”